Meet the California Privacy Protection Agency (CPPA)

  • by Osano Staff
  • · posted on July 27, 2022
  • · 4 min read
Meet the California Privacy Protection Agency (CPPA)

Laws are only as good as the agencies in place to enforce them. That’s why the creation of the California Privacy Protection Agency (CPPA) is such a big deal. Before the agency’s creation, California’s Attorney General handled all privacy violations in their state. Now, an entire task force is devoted to enforcing the regulations laid out in the California Privacy Rights Act (CPRA). The state isn’t just delivering lip service. It’s putting its money where its mouth is.

So what is the CPPA? When they voted to pass the CPRA, Californians agreed, “An independent watchdog whose mission is to protect consumer privacy should ensure that businesses and consumers are well-informed about their rights and obligations.” The agency will “vigorously enforce the law against businesses that violate consumers’ privacy rights.”

Enforcement isn’t the CPPA’s only role. It will also prepare new rules and regulations. Although the rulemaking authority was only formally transferred on April 21, 2022, the agency wasted no time getting started. They’re already creating new draft regulations.

As a result, businesses need to know what the CPPA is, its primary function, and how they play a role in CPRA enforcement. In this blog post, we’ll tell you everything you need to know to stay on the good side of the CPPA.

What does the California Privacy Protection Agency do?

In Europe, individual data protection authorities from the 27 EU member states enforce the GDPR. In California, until the creation of the CPPA, all enforcement fell within the California Attorney General’s purview. And that’s on top of their other responsibilities as the top legal officer in the state.

When Californians voted “yes” on the CPRA in 2020, they created the CPPA and “vested it with the full administrative power, authority and jurisdiction to implement and enforce the California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018.”

With 34 data privacy experts on staff and an annual budget of $10,000,000, the CPPA is well-funded and well-equipped to carry out its task. Compare that to the national FTC division on privacy protection, which budgeted $1,000,000,000 for the entire country for ten years. The budget and resources allocated to the CPPA are a substantial investment in Californians’ privacy.

The CPRA goes into effect on January 1, 2023, and enforcement begins on July 1, 2023. At that time, businesses that do not comply with the CPRA may face fines, and “I didn’t know” won’t keep you from facing consequences. Each violation carries a fine of $2,500. On the other hand, businesses that intentionally violate the CPRA or have violations involving minors will be fined $7,500 for each violation.

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Can someone take private action through the CPPA?

For the most part, the California Privacy Protection Agency will focus on how businesses collect and protect personal information. However, the CPRA expands upon the CCPA’s limited private right of action in the case of a data security breach by adding email and password or security questions and answers into a group of items that, if unlawfully accessed, permit a consumer to bring a claim directly against the company. In this case, a person may be entitled to a settlement between $100 and $750 per incident, or the actual damages.

The CPPA: What will they do first?

The agency has been performing information-gathering activities and working with the public and stakeholders to advance the rulemaking process. In late May, they released CPRA draft regulations, which detailed:

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  • Mandatory user opt-out signal acknowledgment
  • Privacy notice requirements
  • The requirement to notify service providers and contractors to delete information
  • Personal collection and use restrictions
On July 8, 2022, the 5-member board filed a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking Action for these draft regulations. The day it was filed marked the first official day of rulemaking and opened the floor for 45 days of public comments. The board will also schedule a public hearing for feedback and guidance on the proposed draft of regulations.

After the public hearing and comment period, the board will reconvene for a final hearing. At the meeting, the board will vote on rule approval and file the final package with the California Office of Administrative Law.

Although the initial deadline for adopting statutory regulations was July 1, the executive director says the agency will complete it in Q3 or Q4. With the release of the draft, we can see that the CPPA is intent on focusing on consumer privacy.

What seems like a win for consumers is receiving significant pushback from trade groups that argue against the mandated global opt-outs and technical requirements. Advocacy groups are on the other side, urging the CPPA not to back down.

Ultimately, the goal of the CPPA is to protect consumer data. Consumers will easily understand the collected information and how companies use it once the regulations are finalized. Then, consumers can make informed choices about whether or not to allow a business to use their data.

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You can expect more rules and regulations now that the California Privacy Protection Agency is funded and active. If your business is based in or has visitors from California, not knowing the latest news could result in a hefty fine.

Osano publishes a weekly newsletter to help you stay up-to-date on the latest privacy trends, news, and legislation so you’re never left in the dark. Sign up now — being familiar with the latest developments in privacy is an easy step toward ensuring compliance and avoiding a penalty from the CPPA.

About The Author · Osano Staff

The Osano staff is a diverse team of free thinkers who enjoy working as part of a distributed team with the common goal of working to make a more transparent internet. Occasionally, the team writes under the pen name of our mascot, “Penny, the Privacy Pro.”