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Ever heard of a “placebo button”? 

You’ve almost certainly come across one, whether wittingly or unwittingly. Most commonly, you’ll find one in elevators—often, the “close door” button isn’t connected to anything and exists merely to give passengers a sense of control.

Similarly, many thermostats in commercial buildings aren’t actually connected to the buildings’ HVAC system. The building manager sets the temperature and gives their tenants a non-functioning thermostat to make them feel like they’ve done something when they’re freezing their butts off.

Placebo buttons feed into our illusion of control, a psychological term that refers to our tendency to overestimate our ability to influence events. We all need and like to feel in control, and we’re biased toward thinking we are in control, even if we are demonstrably not. So, when we see that colleague who doesn’t shower regularly turn the corner and head toward the elevator, we feel better if we’re able to repeatedly jam a non-functional “close door” button on the elevator, even though it doesn’t actually seem to make the doors close any faster.

A placebo button is relatively harmless when it “closes” the door of an elevator, but when it comes to data privacy, placebo buttons are grossly negligent at best and outright malicious at worst. 

Consider two stories in our newsletter from Apple and Google this week. Both Apple and Google received fines in the hundreds of millions of dollars for deceptively tracking users after they interacted with UI elements explicitly meant to stop such tracking. 

In Apple’s case, researchers discovered that multiple built-in apps sent data to Apple—such as what users tapped on, which apps they searched for, what ads they saw, and so on—even after users toggled off a setting meant to explicitly block such transfers.

In Google’s case, it continued to record location data even when devices’ location tracking was turned off. Google then sold that data to advertisers.

When a user interacts with a UI element, they expect it to work. And it should work—human beings may not have a fundamental right to pick who they do or do not ride the elevator with, but they do have a fundamental right to privacy. When a placebo button violates that or any other fundamental right, it strays from the innocuous to the malicious. 



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